All You Need to Learn About Growing Vegetables Indoors

All You Need to Learn About Growing Vegetables Indoors

Isn’t growing your food gives you a better sense of independence in some way?

Well, call me primitive but, to eat is one of our necessities and you can partially contribute to the food you eat at home by growing some of it on your own. This would keep you closer to nature as well and believe me it is quite satisfying to eat homegrown food. 

So let’s get your green mind working and spare a trip to the farmer’s shop.

But how?

If you are a novice like I was last summers, you would ask yourself,

Which vegetables are well suited to grow indoors?

Which ones can I cultivate in summers or winters and are there herbs which can grow all year long?

And What do I need to begin with?

It’s well understood if you are thinking this way and in fact, these are obvious questions.

I will share my own experience and knowledge and give you a heads-up on how you can begin to grow your own food at home.

While Growing Vegetables Indoors You Will Need to Take Care of a Few Points

Which Soil to Use

For deep-rooted plants use a mixture of potting soil and compost for both indoor and outdoor planting. Soil is like a cradle to your pant and is the foremost factor in its growth more than the light it receives and sowed seeds.

To pick up the best potting soil for the indoor plants you need to make sure, that the soil is tailed to the need of your plant. Some plants grow well in acidic soil and some require a higher concentration of substances like nitrogen for better fertility. So make sure you spend some time researching the type of soil needed for your plant’s optimal growth.

Proper Drainage

The drainage system of indoor planting and outdoor plating is different. Make sure there are enough holes in the container you are using and your potting soil absorbs the moisture more promptly.

Correct Lighting For Optional Growth 

Light is another important factor for optimal plant growth inside your house. Photosynthesis is a natural process among plants to generate energy. Though the light requirement is subjective to the type of plant and proper education in this context is a bonus for good growth of indoor planting.


Seeds serve various functions of plants and are the key factor in the nourishment of the plant embryo. Better quality seeds will be supportive of the healthier growth of your indoor vegetation. 

4 Best Vegetables To Grow Indoors


Carrots are a convenient option for indoor growth. They are relatively easier to grow than other vegetables and can even be accommodated in a small pot, through a window box or a long container would be an ideal option. Keeping the soil moist helps the seeds to germinate within and would also pace up the process. Lightly covering up the solid with peat moss would prevent the seeds from drying and a well-draining potting mix would increase its fertility. It’s ideal the mix is exposed to at least 6 hours of light and It can take up to 6-8 weeks to fully grow.


Tomatoes are well suited to grow in summers though it doesn’t mean that they cant be grown in cold temperatures. These tropicals perennials can be grown indoors all year long in a greenhouse with optimal temperature and light conditions. You can start the process once the tomato seedlings are 3-4 inches tall you can shift them into a pot where it would stay for about 3-5 weeks for the fruit to grow. Make sure that it is exposed at least 10 hours of lights a day. 


Scallions, unlike bulb onions, can be grown indoors. Rather they are highly convenient and easy to grow. They don’t even require seeds, you can grow scallions in a small mug or a glass of water. Just put a bunch of them in one container with not more than an inch of water in it and when the root has grown from about two inches move them in a bigger container for their further growth with the potting mix. You can accumulate the green tops or take out the whole of scallions from the receptacle and leave an inch of the stem to regrow.


Microgreens and other edibles that vitamins and nutrients rich and are effortless to grow indoors. These do not require much space and can fully grow within a fortnight. They are harvested as seedlings and don’t require much soil. A shallow container or a soup bowl can accommodate them, though you can use a bigger container if you want to grow them in bulk. They are a mixture of other herbs like beets, basil, and radishes. You can put a small amount of soil in the container, moist it, and add the seeds. Use barley to cover the seeds and press them gently so that the mix blends in well. You can expect the leaves to grow within 10 days and take them off using scissors.

Additional Planting Tips and Closure

  • Make sure that your container has enough holes for proper drainage, especially in the case of deeper rooted vegetables like tomatoes and carrots. Use a potting mix over garden soil for sufficient fertility. In fact, a garden that some of you would use because of its convince may contain fungus which will hinder the growth of your plants or herbs.
  • Good soil and potting mix and compost will play a prominent role in the adequate growth of the plant, so make sure you buy a quality product.
  • Consider providing a supplementing light source especially in winters where the sun is low and days are shorter. There are various options you find in the market for this, you can choose high-pressure sodium (HPS) lights or full-spectrum fluorescent light for this purpose.

While you are here I even have a great shopping list for your gardener friend that you can have a look at.